Use extensible Sass files to generate the stylesheets for your website.

Hinode uses Sass files to take advantage of variables, maps, and functions to generate the cascading style sheets of the website. By utilizing npm, Bootstrap’s source Sass file are automatically ingested and kept up to date.

Build pipeline

Hinodes uses npm and mounted folders to create a flexibile virtual file system that is automatically kept up to date. Review the overview for a detailed explanation. The build pipeline of the stylesheet consists of five steps.

  1. Define the Sass entrypoint

    The main entrypoint for the Sass files is defined in assets/scss/app.scss. It supports Hugo templating. For example, it defines a variable $themeFont that links to the font configuration. The variable is available within all source Sass files.

  2. Import the source Sass files

    The application entrypoint imports the various source Sass files defined in assets/scss, which are combined with the Sass files of Bootstrap and Font Awesome (Free). The vendor paths are relative to the node_modules folder, which are installed by npm.

  3. Override and expand the Sass configuration

    The import order of the source files defines which variables and functions to use. In Sass, the first definition of a variable or function takes precedence. For example, to override the setting for the variable $primary, is needs to be defined prior to Bootstrap’s definition in _variables.scss.

  4. Transpile the Sass files

    The partial partials/head/stylesheet.html reads the application entrypoint, configures the node_modules folder as import path, and transpiles the stylesheet into a single file main.css. In production mode, the output is minified and linked to with a fingerprint.

  5. Link to the stylesheet in the base layout

    Hinode’s base layout layouts/_default/baseof.html imports the generated stylesheet in the header section of the webpage via the partial layouts/partials/head/head.html.


The below Sass file defines a skeleton configuration for the main entrypoint. The full configuration is defined in assets/scss/app.scss.

// 1) Define template variables (linking to Hugo config)
$primary:  {{ | default "#007bff" }};

// 2) Include default variable overrides
@import "common/variables.scss";

// 3) Import Bootstrap configuration
@import "bootstrap/scss/variables";

// 4) Import Bootstrap layout & components
@import "bootstrap/scss/root";

// 5) Import Font Awesome
@import "@fortawesome/fontawesome-free/scss/fontawesome";

// 6) Import Hinode theme styles
@import "common/styles.scss";
Last updated: February 12, 2023 • Upgrade to docs v0.9 (2caaad8)